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Volume 54, numéro 3, septembre 2009
Article

Consecutive Interpretation: A Discourse Approach. Towards a Revision of Gile’s Effort Model

Guangjun Wu

Beijing International Studies University, Beijing, China

Kefei Wang

Beijing Foreign Studies University, Beijing, China

Abstract

In reality, expert interpreters from time to time do successfully tide over the gap between the capacity required and capacity available in dealing with extraordinarily large segments in consecutive interpretation. These exceptional cases imply that Gile’s Effort Model does not always hold and requires to be supplemented. This paper attempts to: 1) advance a solution to the dilemma that, in processing large segments in consecutive interpreting, the working memory capacity available is more often than not smaller than the capacity required, hence supplementing Gile’s Effort Model; 2) specify the rules of discourse transformation in consecutive interpretation; based upon the features of memory and consecutive interpretation, we deem that each segment, be it large or small, shall be processed as a discourse, the transformation of which is presumed to be the said solution; 3) and subsequently identify the optimal discourse transformation model, which is both capable of embodying the source text to the largest extent possible and achievable in terms of memory load. In addition, the author, through an observational study, justified the hypothesis. The validity of this theory, however, still requires further experimental evidence.

Mots-clés : Effort Model, capacity required, capacity available, discourse transformation, consecutive interpretation

Résumé

En situation réelle d’interprétation consécutive, les interprètes professionnels peuvent, à l’occasion, réussir à combler l’écart entre la capacité mémorielle nécessaire et la capacité disponible lorsqu’ils traitent des segments extrêmement longs. L’existence de ces cas exceptionnels implique que le modèle d’efforts de Gile ne peut toujours s’appliquer et qu’il faut le compléter. Le présent article a trois objectifs. Premièrement, il cherche à proposer une solution à ce problème. Deuxièmement, il vise à spécifier les règles de transformation discursive en contexte d’interprétation consécutive. Se fondant sur les propriétés de la mémoire et les caractéristiques de l’interprétation consécutive, nous considérons que chaque segment, qu’il soit court ou long, sera traité en tant que discours, pour laquelle on présume que la transformation résultante est la solution. Troisièmement, il vise à définir un modèle de transformation discursive optimal, qui puisse tout à la fois rendre au maximum le texte source et être réaliste en termes de charge mémorielle. Bien que l’auteur justifie son hypothèse en s’appuyant sur une étude observationnelle, d’autres données expérimentales sont nécessaires pour valider la théorie proposée.

Mots-clés : modèle d'efforts, capacité exigée, capacité disponible, transformation du discours, interprétation consécutive

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Auteur:
Guangjun Wu, Kefei Wang
Titre:
Consecutive Interpretation: A Discourse Approach. Towards a Revision of Gile’s Effort Model 
Revue:
Meta, Volume 54, numéro 3, septembre 2009, p.401-416
 
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